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Title: Exhaust gas fuel reforming for improved gasoline direct injection engine efficiency and emissions
Author: Fennell, Daniel Alexander
ISNI:       0000 0004 5350 2610
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2014
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The thesis investigates how exhaust gas fuel reforming, also known as reformed exhaust gas recirculation (REGR), may benefit direct injection gasoline (GDI) engine efficiency and emissions. REGR is a thermochemical process that has potential for efficiently producing hydrogen-rich gas onboard a vehicle by using waste exhaust energy to promote endothermic reforming of hydrocarbon fuels. Partially fuelling a gasoline engine with hydrogen generally improves engine thermal efficiency. The experimental research begins by simulating REGR on single- and multi-cylinder GDI engines, which indicates that REGR can increase engine thermal efficiency by up to 9% and reduce NOx by up to 96%. Particulate matter (PM) measurements reveal that REGR significantly reduces PM number and mass emissions, beyond that achieved by EGR. Further experiments with a full-scale prototype exhaust gas fuel reformer integrated with the multi-cylinder GDI engine demonstrate improved fuel efficiency at a wide range of engine conditions, by 8% for conditions typical of motorway driving. The reforming process is observed to be overall endothermic when the exhaust temperature is above 650°C, and the reformed fuel enthalpy is increased by up to 21% in these experiments. The results demonstrate that REGR can simultaneously increase engine thermal efficiency, and reduce gaseous and PM emissions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery