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Title: Implementation analysis of science, technology and innovation policy : the case of Korean national nanotechnology initiative
Author: Jinwon, Kang
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2007
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This thesis is about the application of the implementation approach to innovation policy in the nanotechnology area. The objective of this thesis is to study the implementation of the Korean National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) through the main factors affecting the implementation process regarding policy formation process by describing and analysing the implementation gap in the Korean NNI and to suggest policy recommendation for reducing the implementation gap by using the link between formation and implementation and Techno-Economic Network (TEN). The gap between policy expectations and policy outcomes in the Korean NNI is identified in terms of the mismatching of the number of planned and implemented research facilities, poor implementation of the education of human resources and the delay of nanotechnology assessment. The research questions were formulated in terms of the main factors affecting the implementation process, the relationship of these main factors with the formation process and the reasons for the implementation gap between policy expectations and outcomes. A single case study approach was adopted as a research strategy to answer research questions using documentary investigation and interviews as the main data collection methods. A literature review was performed in terms of nanotechnology and its evolution, policy evolution in the implementation process, in order to identify factors constraining the implementation of policy. Research framework is constructed on the basis of a topdown approach with the consideration of policy formation process. Research propositions are formulated to find factors affecting the implementation process in terms of environment, policy contents, and implementation component. As a result of analysis, the main factors affecting the implementation process are the characteristics of nanotechnology, societal implication, and institutional and policy constraint. These factors are related to the symbolic agreements and ambiguous priority setting in the formation process. The implementation gap is explained in terms of factors affecting the implementation of policy and characteristics of the formation process. Interdisciplinarity and societal implication of nanotechnology caused implementation gap such as delay in nanotechnology assessment and poor implementation of education of human resource in connection with the limited time and imbalanced priority setting between development and regulation in the formation process. Institutional and policy constraint caused implementation gap such as an oversupply of research facilities in connection with the lack of consensus and ambiguous priority setting in the formation process. The implementation gap is discussed in terms of policy evolution for the innovation policy using the concept of TEN. Finally, it is hoped that this thesis contributes to the understanding of implementation process of the Korean NNI, the widening of implementation analysis by application to the STI policy area and the policy recommendations for the governance system for the innovation policy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available