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Title: Institutions and multinational companies' strategies : the case of six foreign subsidiaries in Egypt
Author: Elkassrawy, Mohamed Fayek
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2007
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The aim of the thesis is to investigate home and host country effects on the subsidiaries of multinational companies through the analysis of human resource management system of six subsidiaries in Egypt and their relationship to suppliers and customers. Since the rise of the institutionalist approach to the problem of multinational companies, there has been a major divide between those who argued that home country influences are the key and those who advocated the importance of host country influence. The dominant argument has been that employment policies of subsidiaries vary significantly depending on the country of origin of the multinational company and, to a lesser degree, on the place of operation of the subsidiary. This thesis looked at six case studies of subsidiaries of German, US and Japanese multinational companies operating in Egypt, in order to examine the extent to which their business policies and practices can be explained from an institutional perspective. The six case studies show very striking similarities in their employment policies and inter-firm practices, and thus the dominant effect of home country influence appears to be problematic. As a logical deduction, it seems that host country influence is the dominant factor of shaping the employment policies of MNC subsidiaries. However, the result showed that this is not the major driver of their HRM polices and practices, although it is the major driver for their inter-firm relations. It has been concluded that the analysis of MNCs policies and practices from a rigid institutional perspective, in isolation of other aspects, most notably the purpose of the subsdiary and its strategic role to the parent company, is probelmatic. Thus, the importance and the strategic aim of the subsdiairy and the ways by which the foreign subsidiary is controlled provide insights into MNCs' business behaviour in different foreign markets.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available