Title:

Topics in analytic number theory

In this thesis we prove several results in analytic number theory. 1. We show that there exist 3digit palindromic primes in base b for a set of b having density 1 and that if b is sufficiently large then there is a $3$digit palindrome in base b having precisely two prime factors. 2. We prove various estimates for averages of sums of Kloosterman fractions over primes. The first of these improves previous results of FouvryShparlinski and Baker. 3. By using the qanalogue of van der Corput's method to estimate short Kloosterman sums we study the divisor function in an arithmetic progression to modulus q. We show that the expected asymptotic formula holds for a larger range of q than was previously known, provided that q has a certain factorisation. 4. Let ‖x‖ denote the distance from x to the nearest integer. We show that for any irrational α and any ϴ< 8/23 there are infinitely many n which are the product of two primes for which ‖nalpha‖ ≤ n ^{ϴ}. 5. By establishing an improved level of distribution we study almostprimes of the form f(p,n) where f is an irreducible binary form over Z. 6. We show that for an irreducible cubic f ? Z[x] and a full norm form $mathbf N$ for a number field $K/Q$, satisfying certain hypotheses, the variety $$f(t)=mathbf N(x_1,ldots,x_k) e 0$$ satisfies the Hasse principle. Our proof uses sieve methods.
