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Title: Obstacles to the globalisation of corporate research and development in technologically underdeveloped countries
Author: Omar, A. M.
Awarding Body: Nottingham Trent University
Current Institution: Nottingham Trent University
Date of Award: 2013
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Over two decades, the globalisation of research and development (R&D) has become a subject of considerable academic interests. The majority of studies concerning it describe this phenomenon in developed countries. Little is known about it in technologically underdeveloped countries. No study has systematically identified the possible obstacles to the R&D globalisation process in these countries. This suggests that this research topic is a distinctive topic for study. This study takes Libya as an example of a technologically underdeveloped country and aims to investigate the obstacles to the R&D globalisation process in Libya. To achieve this aim and in fulfilling the research objectives, the thesis utilises both qualitative and quantitative approaches. They were conducted through case studies of two transnational corporations (TNCs) working in Libya and an interview-based survey with three R&D related managers located in their offices there. Additionally, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted on 30 R&D related managers at 10 Libyan organisations. These methods are complemented by an archival analysis of several sources, related to both TNCs selected and the Libyan business environment. Key findings of this thesis include; corporate R&D activities are limited and often confined to one way technology transfer, oriented towards resolving and fixing technical problems. Libya does have a domestic R&D capability, but it does not translate to innovations, with many obstacles hindering the practice of R&D activity. Libyan science and technology (S&T) and industrial policies have failed to provide concrete ways and means to reinforce R&D or to encourage the evolution of R&D subsidiaries. There is a lack of and weakness in the institutional mechanisms for encouraging and attracting foreign R&D activities. The conclusion drawn suggests that some TNCs have begun conducting modest corporate R&D activities in Libya and most of these activities can be linked to the development phase of R&D. However, Libya was found to have a low technological capability and R&D capacity as well as weaknesses in relevant core competences. Thus, the foreign R&D activities are driven by demand rather than supply factors, based mainly on a market seeking strategy. Major obstacles hindering the corporate R&D activities were identified, including institutional, human resource, management and technological factors. Most of them link to weaknesses in and limitations of the national innovation system (NIS) in Libya. A key contribution of this thesis is that it provides both TNCs and host country perspectives on the possible obstacles to the R&D globalisation process in technologically underdeveloped countries. It also addresses possible improvement opportunities for these countries to join the global R&D networks.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available