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Title: Integrating participatory epidemiology for developing control strategies for trans-boundary animal diseases in Sindh Province of Pakistan
Author: Shaikh, Ghulam Sarwar
ISNI:       0000 0004 5348 1549
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 2014
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Livestock production in Pakistan is an important part of Agriculture. For most rural farmers livestock is their only income generating source. Sindh has the second highest provincial livestock population in Pakistan. Increasing urbanization has increased the demand for milk and meat. Linked to this developing market, animal movements are frequent and trans-boundary animal diseases pose a constant threat to livestock production. Disease control strategies in Sindh are based on passive reporting. These control strategies are often inefficient because of biases in reporting disease. During the rinderpest eradication campaign novel techniques of participatory epidemiology were used for disease surveillance which enhanced the sensitivity of rinderpest detection and directly contributed to Pakistan's ability to declare provisional freedom from rinderpest in 2003 and final freedom from rinderpest in 2007. Despite participatory epidemiology showing its value at that time, it has not been institutionalized and the trained human resource has not been further utilized. This study was developed to explore the reliability, sensitivity, timeliness and cost-effectiveness of participatory epidemiology as compared to established data collection methods by public veterinary authorities of Sindh province and to expose policy/decision makers to the concepts, principles and benefits of participatory epidemiology for developing disease control strategies. Information on disease prevalence, importance and seasonality of major animal diseases from different production zones of Sindh was derived from available passive surveillance data and from purpose-designed sero-surveys and participatory epidemiology. The research identified weaknesses in current disease control policy planning and demonstrated how participatory epidemiology could contribute to a more efficient design and decision making pathway to develop more effective policies and control strategies for economically important diseases. The thesis finally outlines a pathway for integration of participatory epidemiology in the disease surveillance strategy for Sindh.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available