Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.628874
Title: The role of A3 adenosine receptors in protecting the myocardium from ischaemia/reperfusion injury
Author: Hussain, A.
Awarding Body: Coventry University
Current Institution: Coventry University
Date of Award: 2009
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Abstract:
Activation of A3 adenosine receptors has been shown to protect the myocardium from ischaemia reperfusion injury in a number of animal models. The PI3K - AKT and MEK1/2 - ERK1/2 cell survival pathways have been shown to play a critical role in regulating myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury. In this study we investigated whether the A3 adenosine receptor agonist 2-CL-IB-MECA protects the myocardium from ischaemia reperfusion injury, when administered at reperfusion or post reperfusion and whether the protection involved the PI3K – AKT or MEK 1/2 – ERK1/2 cell survival pathways. In the Langendorff model of ischaemia reperfusion injury isolated perfused rat hearts underwent 35 minutes of ischaemia and 120 minutes of reperfusion. Administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA (1nM) at reperfusion significantly decreased infarct size to risk ratio compared to non-treated ischeamic reperfused control hearts. This protection was abolished in the presence of the PI3K inhibitor Wortmannin or MEK1/2 inhibitor UO126. Western blot analysis determined that administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA (1 nM) upregulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation. In the adult rat cardiac myocyte model of hypoxia/reoxygenation cells underwent 6 hours of hypoxia and 18 hours of reoxygenation. Administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA (1 nM) at the onset of reoxygenation significantly decreased cellular apoptosis and necrosis. Administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA (1nM) in the presence of the Wortmannin or UO126 significantly reversed this anti-apoptotic effect and anti-necrotic effect. Our data further showed that 2-CL-IB-MECA protects myocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation injury via decreasing cleaved-caspase 3 activity that was abolished in presence of the PI3K inhibitor but not in the presence of the MEK1/2 inhibitor UO126. Administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA (100nM) at the onset of reperfusion also significantly decreased infarct size to risk ratio in the ischaemic reperfused rat heart compared to controls that was reversed in the presence of Wortmannin or Rapamycin. This protection was associated with an increase in PI3K-AKT / p70S6K / BAD phosphorylation. 2-CL-IB-MECA (100nM) administered at reoxygenation also significantly protected adult rat cardiac myocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation injury 28 in an anti-apoptotic and anti-necrotic manner. This anti-apoptotic/necrotic effect of 2-CL-IB-MECA was abolished in the presence Wortmannin. Furthermore, that this protection afforded by 2-CL-IB-MECA (100nM) when administered at reoxygenation was associated with a decrease in cleaved caspase 3 activity that was abolished in the presence of the Wortmannin Interestingly, postponing the administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA to 15 or 30 minutes after the onset of reperfusion significantly protected the isolated perfused rat heart from ischaemia reperfusion injury in a Wortmannin and UO126 sensitive manner. This protection was associated with an increase in AKT and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Administration of the A3 agonist 2-CL-IB-MECA 15 or 30 minutes after the onset of reoxygenation significantly protected isolated adult rat cardiac myocytes subjected to 6 hours of hypoxia and 18 hours of reoxygenation from injury in an anti-apoptotic/necrotic manner. This anti-apoptotic was abolished upon PI3K inhibition with Wortmannin or MEK1/2 inhibition with UO126. The anti-necrotic effect of 2-CL-IB-MECA when administered 15 or 30 minutes post-reperfusion was not abolished in the presence of the inhibitors. Delaying the administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA to 15 or 30 minutes after reoxygenation was associated with a decrease in cleaved-caspase 3 activity that was abolished in the presence of Wortmannin but not in the presence of the MEK 1/2inhibitor UO126. Collectively, we have demonstrated for the first time that administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA at the onset of reperfusion protects the ischaemic reperfused rat myocardium from lethal ischaemia reperfusion injury in a PI3K and MEK1/2 sensitive manner. Delaying the administration of 2-CL-IB-MECA to 15 or 30 minutes after the onset of reperfusion of reoxygenation also significantly protects the isolated perfused rat heart from ischaemia reperfusion injury and the adult rat cardiac myocyte from hypoxia/reoxygenation injury in an anti apoptotic / necrotic manner. Furthermore, that this protection is associated with recruitment of the PI3K-AKT and MEK1/2 – ERK1/2 cell survival pathways.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.628874  DOI: Not available
Keywords: coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart attack, myocardium, ischaemia reperfusion, haemodynamics, adenosine
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