Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.628791
Title: Identification of partial discharge sources and their location within high voltage transformer windings
Author: Abd Rahman, M. S.
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
This thesis is concerned with developing a new approach to high voltage transformers condition monitoring, which involve partial discharge (PD) measurement and localisation within high-voltage transformer windings. This is an important source of information for both diagnosis and prognosis of the health of power transformers. Generally, Partial discharges (PDs) existence in transformer windings are normally due to ageing processes, operational over stressing or defects introduced during manufacture. Although, the presence of PDs does not necessarily indicate imminent failure of a transformer, it is however, a serious insulation degradation or ageing mechanism which can be considered as a precursor of transformer failure. The initial approach taken in this thesis is based on a lumped parameter network model. The model was created and its parameters were approximated using analytical solutions based on the geometrical dimensions of transformer windings. Based on the lumped parameter network model, theoretically the rational function should be a positive-real (PR) function and it is shown later on in this thesis that the model does hold the theoretical assumptions. Nevertheless, impulse response of actual transformer windings constructed for laboratory assessment was shown differently although different methods were used to find rational functions with positive-real (PR). Due to the fact that real transformer windings do not hold the characteristic of positive real transfer function, thus, this thesis finds an alternative and proposes a different approach for PD localisation which is based on energy distribution and features extraction methods for localisation, particularly Wavelet Transform (WT) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The idea of the developed approach is based on the fact that any discharge occurring at any point along windings produce an electrical signal that will propagate as a travelling wave towards both ends of the windings. During the propagation of the PD signals along transformer windings, the response with respect to the propagation path taken and termination characteristics will cause attenuation and distortion to the waveforms, ultimately produced changes in the energy characteristics of the PD pulses when they reach measurement sensors.
Supervisor: Lewin, Paul Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.628791  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
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