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Title: Critical times : governance in the UK nuclear industry
Author: Pemberton, Barry C.
Awarding Body: University of Roehampton
Current Institution: University of Roehampton
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis explores the governance issues associated with the decommissioning of a range of early-generation civil nuclear facilities in the UK, now known as the 'Legacy'. To understand how this Legacy evolved, I completed a historical policy analysis over three developmental phases. During these phases, the government adopted various organisational forms and governance paradigms as it developed the industry. In order to analyse and assess these changes, I use a body of knowledge that addresses decision-making in society and its organisations. Governance’ has several distinct meanings ... with giving overall direction to the enterprise…overseeing and controlling the executive actions of management and…satisfying legitimate expectations for accountability and regulation (Rhodes 1996:654). In this thesis, I analyse key events using concepts of control, accountability and regulation within three governance paradigms in three historic phases. I initially examine governance issues within the industry’s first two phases using notions of stewardship and agency theory. Then, using stakeholder concepts, I undertake a more detailed analysis of the Legacy’s current governance arrangements. Initially examining theoretical concepts of control over organisations within a stakeholder paradigm, I contrast these with government responses to determine the degree of control over the Legacy and any possible control issues. In the two chapters that follow, I adopt similar approaches for both accountability and regulation. This analysis sharpens the focus on stakeholder governance needs that I contrast with those of government. Charting a theoretical governance landscape, I use this to observe and analyse changes in the Legacy’s governance through key governance events. These events include historic incidents at nuclear sites and in other related industries, together with contemporary issues such as determining the location of a UK nuclear waste site. The implications of this analysis are considerable, particularly given the government proposal to construct new nuclear power stations largely financed by overseas consortia. Given these proposals, this thesis identifies current governance issues derived from historic decisions taken on a problem that will endure for millennia.
Supervisor: Scott-Cato, Molly Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available