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Title: Towards an improved trade-off between switching losses and radiated EMI generation in hard-switched power converters
Author: Oswald, Niall Fraser
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2013
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The well-established correlation between the high switching di/dt and dv/dt of power semiconductor devices and electromagnetic interference (EMI) generation leads to a trade-off between power converter losses and emission levels; to reduce emissions, the devices are slowed down, incurring greater losses. This thesis addresses in particular the issue of electromagnetic interference (EMI) generation in IGBT-based variable-speed motor drives. The work presented here begins with the hypothesis that it is the higher-order derivatives of IGBT switching waveforms which are most important in determining EMI generation at the frequencies where direct radiation is the dominant mode of emission. Analysis of idealised waveforms shows that by 'rounding the corners' of switching waveforms, it is possible to reduce their high-frequency spectral content with no increase in transition time. High-bandwidth measurements of IGBT switching behaviour are analysed in detail, enabling the trade-off between EMI generation and losses to be quantified, and the critical aspects of the device behaviour for EMI generation to be identified. As with idealised waveforms, itis found that 'corners' of the measured waveforms are responsible for their high-frequency spectral content. The effect of operating conditions on the trade-off between losses and EMI generation is investigated, showing that both temperature and current have significant influence. Informed by the measurements and analysis presented here, an open-loop gate driving technique is developed, allowing programmed voltage profiles to be applied to the gate of an IGBT. By shaping the device switching waveforms to be more 'rounded', it is shown that their high-frequency spectral content may be suppressed by up to 20 dB in the frequency range of interest, with no increase in switching losses.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available