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Title: Women in journalism in the United Kingdom : an analysis of expectations and experiences of equality within the profession 1970 to the present
Author: Pate, Amanda Claire Geary
ISNI:       0000 0004 5366 2681
Awarding Body: University of the West of Scotland
Current Institution: University of the West of Scotland
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis analyzes the expectations and experiences of gender equality for women working in journalism in the United Kingdom between 1970 and 2013. The 176 women were at different stages of their careers, some having just started in the profession and others were of retirement age and thus, had entered the profession during the decade that equality became a legal right in the workplace for all women in the UK. The methodology derives from a phenomenological approach to capturing experiences and also referred to feminist research practices. Three data collection tools were used: an online survey, face-to-face interviews and reflective pieces of autobiographical writing. The research shows that women in journalism have had widespread experiences of gender inequality during the timescale, which have been analyzed through a thematic approach. The key findings were: the culture of male-dominated newsrooms was seen as having a ‘domino effect’ on other issues of gender inequalities highlighted in the study; the single major career challenge impacting women journalists’ experiences of equality arose when they had a family; also there has been little progress in terms of the opportunities open to women in the profession, both as a result of issues often categorized as vertical and horizontal segregation – such as the impact of the ‘glass ceiling’ and the continued existence of a culture that views certain specialisms as ‘jobs for the girls’. The research also examined the emerging effects of the internet and online journalism and that it had the potential to lead to greater opportunities for women, although experiences were found to be mixed and were particularly negative among women who had been journalists since the 1990s. The research serves as an original contribution to knowledge from a number of perspectives: by providing a platform for female journalists’ ‘lived experiences’ on gender equality to be documented, as well as its comparative approach to expectations and experiences of gender equality in the profession i.e. according to the decade that the women became journalists. The study concludes overall that women journalists in the UK experience a maximum of 12 years in the profession before they face some form of gender discrimination, resulting in the view that gender equality has not been achieved in journalism during the period since legislation was first introduced in 1970.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available