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Title: Engineering cytochrome P450-reductase fusion enzymes for biocatalysis
Author: Kelly, Paul
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
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Cytochromes P450 (P450s) are a superfamily of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. They catalyse a wide variety of reactions on a vast number of substrates and are of particular interest for biocatalyst development due to their ability to oxidise non-activated C-H bonds. Fusion of a P450 to a suitable redox partner protein produces a catalytically self-sufficient enzyme and removes the need to produce electron transfer proteins separately. The well-studied bacterial protein P450cam (Pseudomonas putida) has been fused to the reductase (RhFRed) from the natural fusion protein P450-RhF (Rhodococcus sp.). The P450cam-RhFRed system catalyses the oxidation of camphor and several non-natural substrates and served as the basis for P450cam re-engineering in this current project, with the aim of expanding the substrate scope towards a more mammalian-like activity. The P450cam active site was partitioned into seven paired amino acids and each pair randomised in turn to generate seven sub-libraries of P450cam variants. These were screened for activity using a specially developed colony screen for detection of the blue pigment indigo. In total 94 new variants were identified and then pooled for secondary screening on a number of new substrates, identifying potentially novel activities within the ‘indigo positive’ population. In a separate ‘chimeragenesis’ approach substrate recognition sites (SRSs) within P450cam were targeted for exchange with equivalent portions from a number of human P450s. The B’ helix and F-G loop regions from CYPs 1A2, 2C8, 2D6 and 3A4 were grafted onto the P450cam structure and several of the B’ helix swaps were produced as soluble proteins. The P450cam-2C8-B’-RhFRed chimera gave a Soret peak at 420 nm in the Fe(II)-CO state although an additional substitution next to the proximal cysteine appeared to restore a P450-like state. SRS-exchange therefore offered some insight into structural modularity in P450s, providing a basis for further biocatalyst development.
Supervisor: Flitsch, Sabine; Turner, Nicholas Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Cytochrome P450 ; Biocatalysis ; P450-reductase fusion ; Mutagenesis ; Solid-phase screen ; Chimeragenesis ; Indigo