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Title: Translation of novel imaging techniques into clinical use for patients with epilepsy
Author: Winston, G.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5363 3514
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common focal epilepsy. Up to 40% of patients are refractory to medication. Anterior temporal lobe resection (ATLR) is an effective treatment but damage to the optic radiation can result in a visual field deficit (VFD) that precludes driving, a key goal of surgery. Diffusion tensor imaging tractography allows the in vivo delineation of white matter tracts such as the optic radiation. This thesis addresses the role of optic radiation tractography in planning and subsequently improving the safety of epilepsy surgery. I show how tractography assists risk stratification and surgical planning in patients with lesions near the optic radiation and assess the utility of different tractography methods for surgical planning. To derive the greatest benefit, tractography information should be available during surgery which requires correction for intraoperative brain shift and other sources of image distortion. I apply software developed at UCL in a clinical population underlying ATLR to show that postoperative imaging can predict the VFD and then use this software in real time during surgery in an intraoperative MRI suite. Updated anatomical scans can be acquired during surgery and tractography data accurately mapped on to these and displayed on the operating microscope display. I demonstrate that this image guidance allows the neurosurgeon to avoid significant VFD without affecting the seizure outcome. Diffusion imaging can also probe tissue microstructure. I explore how structural changes within the frontoparietal working memory network and temporal lobes are related to working memory impairment in TLE. I describe the structural changes that occur following ATLR showing both Wallerian degeneration and structural plasticity. Finally, I show how a novel diffusion model (NODDI) could aid the clinical assessment of patients with focal cortical dysplasia. The emphasis throughout this thesis is how diffusion imaging can be clinically useful and address clinically relevant outcomes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Medical Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available