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Title: Causes of visual loss in patients with uveitis
Author: Kabasele, P.
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2013
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The last major study of causes of vision loss in 600 eyes with uveitis was published over 10 years ago and there have been many advances in treatment over this time. In this thesis I undertook a study of 1594 patients (2593 eyes) with uveitis currently attending the clinic, 75% of whom were aged between 24 and 63 years. The type of uveitis, sight threatening complications that developed and treatment were followed from presentation to final follow up. At presentation, 16% of eyes had BCVA ≤ 6/18 (e.g. 6/18-6/36) and 14% of affected eyes had BCVA 6/60 or worse. At one year follow-up, we found 11% of eyes with vision loss to 6/18-6/36 and 8% of eyes with severe visual loss or blindness. In the group of eyes followed up for 10 years or more, 19% developed severe visual loss or blindness and 16% developed vision loss to 6/18-6/36. Chronic macular damage was the main cause of visual loss, accounting for both for visual impairment and for severe visual loss, accounting for 41% and 36% respectively. Cystoid macular oedema accounted for 29% in visual impairment and 19% in severe visual loss or blindness. When classified by uveitis types, CMO was the main cause of vision loss in intermediate uveitis (38%), glaucoma was the leading cause in anterior uveitis (32%), and chronic macular damage accounted for 46% in posterior/panuveitis. Additionally, I looked at the outcome and subsequent impact on vision of ocular surgery for cataract, glaucoma and vitreo-retinal procedures. Visual prognosis after cataract surgery was favourable in anterior and intermediate uveitis. Eyes which underwent glaucoma surgery had vision stabilised or slightly improved over time. The mean log MAR BCVA prior to glaucoma surgery was 0.53+/- 60, and 0.31+/- 49 at final follow-up visit. (P= 0.012). There was no statistically significant improvement in visual acuity in eyes which had undergone vitreo-retinal procedures. The mean logMAR BCVA were 1.1+/-0.82 and 0.87+/-0.80 respectively pre-operative and at last post- op visit. (P=0.28) The 3rd main results chapter looks at patients presenting with retinal vasculitis who had ischemia and the long term outcome for these eyes. Of the 106 eyes which developed ischemia, 24% had vision loss to 6/18-6/36 at presentation, 23% of these had BCVA 6/60 or worse. Chronic macular damage was the main cause of visual impairment and accounted for 36%, macular ischemia accounted for 67% of severe visual loss or blindness. I found that in most eyes with ischemia, visual loss developed early in the first 5 years and do not worsen with time.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available