Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.626274
Title: The regulation of interleukin-10 and interleukin-12 in macrophages : investigating the differential regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 in C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice
Author: Howes, A. F.
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
Pattern recognition receptors (PRR) detect microbial products and induce cytokines which shape the immunological response. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a proinflammatory cytokine important for the differentiation of T helper 1 (Th1) cells which produce IFN-γ to activate macrophages and eradicate intracellular pathogens. In contrast, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an immunosuppressive cytokine that minimises immune-driven host pathology, but can also lead to defective pathogen clearance. The regulation of IL-10 and IL-12 is therefore of interest due to their central roles in the orchestration of an effective but regulated immune response. C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice differ significantly in their resistance to several pathogens. We observed that macrophages generated from these mice produce reciprocal levels of IL-10 and IL-12 in response to the bacterial ligands LPS and Pam3CSK4, which activate TLR4 and TLR2 respectively, and heat-killed Burkholderia pseudomallei, a Gram-negative bacterium which activates TLR2 and TLR4. We have investigated this differential cytokine production in order to further dissect the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of IL-10 and IL-12. Detailed analyses of protein production, signal transduction and transcriptional kinetics have identified a type I IFN dependent, but IL-27 independent mechanism for the differential production of IL-10 in LPS and heat-killed B.pseudomallei stimulated C57BL/6 and BALB/c macrophages. Microarray analysis of LPS stimulated C57BL/6 and BALB/c macrophages further revealed potential regulatory networks that may differ between these mouse strains. These findings highlight key pathways responsible for the regulation of IL-10 and IL-12, and may provide valuable information on factors contributing to the ability of C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice to clear bacterial infections.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.626274  DOI: Not available
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