Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.626136
Title: The role of DJ-1 in cardioprotection
Author: Mukherjee, U. A.
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
Background Mutations in the DJ-1 gene in dopaminergic neurones induce mitochondrial dysfunction and a genetic form of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Although DJ-1 is present in the heart its role there is currently unknown. We hypothesised that DJ-1 may be a novel target for cardioprotection. Methods and Results Overexpression of wild-type (WT) DJ-1 in the HL-1 cardiac cell line induced mitochondrial elongation, delayed the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), and reduced cell death following simulated ischaemia-reperfusion injury (s I/R), effects which were absent in non-functional DJ-1 mutants. Adult murine hearts deficient in DJ-1 sustained larger myocardial infarcts following in vivo 45 minutes regional ischaemia and 24 hours reperfusion, and were partially resistant to ischaemic preconditioning (IPC), when compared to WT controls. DJ-1 deficient murine hearts displayed increased mitochondrial fragmentation, although there were no differences in mitochondrial function, myocardial ATP levels, or cardiac dimensions or function. Conclusion DJ-1 is a novel target for cardioprotection.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.626136  DOI: Not available
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