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Title: Potential policies and strategies for reducing the environmental impacts of informal housing : an analysis of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Author: Nahrin , Kasphia
Awarding Body: University of the West of England, Bristol
Current Institution: University of the West of England, Bristol
Date of Award: 2013
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Informal housing is widespread in cities in developing countries, and can cause immediate and localised environmental impacts. However, little research has been conducted into these impacts or what can be done about them. Specifically, there is little research on which policies and strategies could be effective. This research aims to identify the environmental impacts of informal housing, and to establish the potential policies and strategies that could reduce these. The research focuses on the city of Dhaka (the capital of Bangladesh). It adopts a qualitative approach and uses data from a combination of primary and secondary sources, collected via site surveys and in-depth, semi-structured interviews with a range of stakeholders. The research found that the amount of informal housing in Dhaka is increasing, and consequently it is creating environmental impacts, such as: loss of biodiversity; waterlogging; pollution (of water soil and air); groundwater depletion; and temperature increases. Three main policy areas which could potentially reduce these impacts were identified and tested. • Formalisation of informal housing; • Implementation of urban planning and growth management policies; and • Provision of utility services. The research found that formalising housing through inclusionary housing, slum rehabilitation, slum upgrading, site and services schemes, public-private partnership (PPP) and involvement of non-government organization (NGO)s are policies that could be effective in Dhaka. In relation to urban planning and growth management, urban intensification is not a beneficial policy, but limited peripheral development could be effective. New urban solutions and special area (Le. flood flow zones) conservation policies could also reduce environmental impacts. In terms of utility service provision, urban renewal, upgrading, incremental development, and community and NGO participation are potential policies. The research concludes that it is important to develop both organisational and financial capacity in order to reduce the environmental impacts of informal housing in Dhaka.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available