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Title: Characterising human exposure to organophosphate ester flame retardants
Author: Brommer, Sandra
ISNI:       0000 0004 5357 8295
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2014
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Concentrations of selected PFRs were determined in indoor dust from cars, couches, living rooms, offices, and school classrooms in Australia, Canada, Germany, Kazakhstan, and the UK. Significant differences were found between concentrations of PFRs in dust from different microenvironment categories in the same country. Assessment of human exposure via dust ingestion, revealed the majority of exposure to most PFRs occurs in the domestic environment. However, exposure to TDCIPP occurs primarily in cars, and a substantial proportion of the exposure of young children to EHDPP occurs in classrooms. Reassuringly, the exposure estimates in this study are at least 2 orders of magnitude below health based limit values reported in the literature. However, improved characterisation of exposure to TCIPP via inhalation is identified as a research priority. To address the substantial uncertainty in existing values reported for PFR vapour pressures, they were determined experimentally via the GC-RT method. For most target PFRs, results showed good overall agreement with the mean of experimental and \(in\) \(silico\) literature values. However, values for the chlorinated PFRs exceeded the average of literature values.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Birmingham
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: GE Environmental Sciences ; HD Industries. Land use. Labor ; RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine