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Title: The evolution of national human rights institutions mandate, structure and effectiveness
Author: Carver , Richard John
Awarding Body: Oxford Brookes University
Current Institution: Oxford Brookes University
Date of Award: 2013
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In 25 years national human rights institutions (NHRIs) have evolved from a sparse and diverse phenomenon to a very familiar part of the landscape of human rights protection. This body of work, written over the same period, evaluates the NHRI experience from three different perspectives. First, it maps the development of NHRIs, with a regional focus on Africa and Central and Eastern Europe, tracing the origins of such institutions not only in accessible mechanisms for complaint resolution but also as a way of meeting states' international law obligations for accountability. It discusses the variety of institutional forms and typologies of NHRls. Second, the work anatomizes the role of NHRls as agents of international law - the means by which human rights standards are domesticated. It discusses the increased orientation in recent years of NHRIs towards the international system, as well as an increasing engagement by UN treaty bodies and the Human Rights Council with NHRls. Thirdly, the work discusses criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of NHRIs. It considers how these are distinct from the legal norms that underpin the foundation of national institutions, taking in issues such as accessibility, links with civil society and public legitimacy. It looks in particular at how NHRIs can be an effective resource for meeting obligations in areas such as the human rights of non-nationals and displaced persons. Finally, the work sets out a further agenda for research on the impact of NHRls, proposing an effectiveness framework to evaluate NHRl work and a method for determining the importance of NHRls in torture prevention.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available