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Title: Gentrification in context
Author: Lyons, Michal
Awarding Body: London South Bank University
Current Institution: London South Bank University
Date of Award: 1994
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Review of the literature on gentrification reveals an intriguing problem. Gentrification is shown to exist simultaneously in at least three arenas - the economic, the cultural and the political. Within each, explanations for its initiation have been put forward which are based in either structure or agency. As has been pointed out by several researchers, neither approach suffices to explain the initiation of gentrification, and many are agreed that an integrated model must be developed, which would explain the role played by choice and constraint in the development of gentrification. While many are agreed on the need for such a model, the model itself has yet to be developed. This thesis makes a modest contribution to the 'integration debate'. Starting from the premise that in order to develop an integrated model, the outcomes of gentrification over time must be understood, the thesis examines the outcomes of gentrification as predicted by existing theories, and shows that they are not consistent with either explanation separately, but are consistent with explanations which combine both structure and agency. The thesis stops short of putting forward an integrated model, but suggests that these findings strengthen the argument for the development of an integrated model of gentrification and offer some insight into what its characteristics might be. In chapter I each of six competing theories is reviewed. Their strengths and limitations are assessed in their own terms and in terms of existing case studies. Their implications for outcomes of gentrification are explained. These are then tested using inner London in the 19705 as a case study, the methodology for which is presented in chapter 2. The background conditions against which structure and choice could develop are explained in chapter 3. Chapters 4-8 present an analysis of the selective migration which characterizes gentrifying areas. They focus on its effect on the polarization of case study areas in socioeconomic and tenurial terms. Chapter 9 brings together the findings and conclusions and reflects on the methodology used.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available