Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Putting crime science in its place : exploring the philosophical and criminological implications of crime science
Author: Burchnall, Krystian Paul
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2011
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Crime Science claims to be a new approach, and whilst there has been some theoretical discussion of it in recent literature there has not been a lot, and little has been done to date on the implications it has for policy. In this thesis Crime Science is discussed under four main topics. Firstly, the development of Crime Science from a historical and intellectual perspective is discussed. The second chapter covers the boundaries of Crime Science, with particular reference to its defensiveness towards 'traditional criminology'. The third topic is how effective Crime Science has been to date, and what effectiveness should mean in policy terms and what this means for Crime Science. Fourthly the ambitions of Crime Science are discussed. In particular, the claims to be a novel, separate identifiable endeavour, the ambition to be multidisciplinary, the ambition to be successful and the ambition to be scientific are discussed. It is concluded that overall there are six main overlapping themes. Firstly, there is disillusionment with criminology that leads 10 a caricature called 'traditional criminology'. This caricature is used by Crime Science to further its own agenda as it can then portray itself as something that traditional criminology is not. The second theme is that Crime Science cannot remove itself from criminology despite its best efforts to do so. Criminological themes consistently reappear in Crime Science, and rather than breaking from the discipline of criminology, it seems to fit well with the direction of criminology over the last 30 years. Thirdly, Crime Science suffers from a lack of internal consistency, often making claims that are inconsistent with the practices of crime scientists. The fourth theme is one of intellectual isolation, which stems from the lack of concern with theory and rejection of a relationship with criminology, could prove as opportunities for gaining insights into practical crime prevention measures. The fifth theme is popularity. It is suggested that rhetoric is very important for this theme, as Crime Science plays heavily on uses of the word 'science', which also allows crime scientists to appear to be in a position of authority. The final theme represents many of Crime Science's ambitions as generally unrealised and unfeasible.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available