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Title: Self-conscious emotions and eating disorders
Author: Pemberton, Kathryn
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2011
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The first section of this thesis is a systematic literature review of selected quantitative studies which investigate the relationship between self-conscious emotions and eating disordered behaviour. The review had two main aims: firstly to explore how self-conscious emotions are related to eating disordered behaviour, and secondly whether different types of eating disorders are linked to specific self-conscious emotions. Although 19 studies fulfilled the review criteria only two self-conscious emotions, shame and guilt, were represented. Results suggested that both were related to eating disorders, but in different ways. Shame featured in different forms throughout the course of an eating disorder, whereas there was evidence that guilt was linked to more severe levels of eating disordered behaviour. Furthermore, there was some evidence that specific types of eating disorders are associated with different subtypes of shame. Clinical and therapeutic implications are highlighted and recommendations for future research discussed. Following the literature review, a quantitative research study investigating the role of self-disgust in the relationship between depression and eating disorders was conducted. The study had two main aims: a) to explore whether self-disgust could explain the relationship between dysfunctional beliefs and depression, and b) to find out whether self-disgust could explain the relationship between dysfunctional beliefs and eating disordered behaviour. Seventy-one females with clinical levels of eating disordered behaviour completed five questionnaires measuring levels of self-disgust, depression, non-content specific dysfunctional beliefs and content specific beliefs (related to food and eating). Mediator analyses demonstrated that self-disgust partially mediated both the relationship between non-content specific beliefs and depression. and content specific beliefs and eating disordered behaviour. Self-disgust was found to be a complete mediator for the relationship between content specific beliefs and depression. Findings are discussed in the context of current theory, together with clinical and therapeutic implications.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available