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Title: What is the relationship between macro and micro level perceptions towards the work environment and occupational stress ; can positive psychological states help mediate this relationship? : evidence from a multinational pharmaceutical company
Author: Gibbs, Philip Charles
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2011
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This study explores one of the most prevalent and influential models of occupational stress. The central aim was to explore the extent to which this model could be extended to incorporate broader organizational climate and culture factors as well as more positively orientated mediating phenomena. Occupational stress has been the focal point of research and practice for several decades. However in recent times this research has been criticised for focusing primarily on the individual level of analysis, not acknowledging research contributions from outside organizational and health psychology, and studying overly negative orientated phenomena. Consequently this study proposed a conceptual model which expands upon Cooper and Marshall's (1976) infamous model of occupational stress. This conceptual model hypothesised that incorporating broader macro-level factors as potential sources of stress and more positively orientated mediating psychological states could add a meaningful amount of value and further understanding of the occupational stress process. A secondary analysis of a multinational pharmaceutical company's global employee opinion survey was performed to identify and develop a macro-level climate assessment tool. A sample of employees within the same R&D function was then assessed using the same macro-level climate tool as well as two other validated assessment tools, These included a traditional stress risk assessment and a more recent positive psychological assessment tool The study found that both the macro and positive psychological state variables were able to account for a significant proportion of additional variance in psychological well-being and physical health, The study also found some preliminary support for extending Cooper and Marshall's model to incorporate the macro-level factors as sources of stress and positive psychological states as mediators. The final model identified that macro and micro level perceptions appeared to have differing effects upon individual health outcomes through the mediating positive psychological states. It ~as hypothesised that this may be due to the level of proximity of these variables in relation to employees
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available