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Title: Becoming' a 'host' in postcolonial global tourism industry : an engagement with the voices of the Gambian 'hosts'
Author: Pattison, Helen E.
Awarding Body: Lancaster University
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 2011
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The tourism industry has been dubbed the vanguard of globalisation; tourism involves flows of people, capital, policy, information, images, technology and organisations connecting disparate cultures and societies in a converging and 'shrinking' world (Dirlik, 1994). To research tourism places involves exploring the complex interaction between the global, national and local. The field of tourism is a potentially rich site from which to examine the fluidity of identity of 'subaltern' people and place, and the multiple and competing discursive and non-discursive practices involved. within an interconnected and interacting world (King 2008). However, tourism studies have been critiqued for falling to conceptualise in any great depth the complexity of the contemporary tourism experience (Pritchard and Morgan 2001). Any meaningful engagement with the voices and experiences of the 'hosts' within the context of interconnecting global-national-local spaces, is largely absent This has resulted in a simplistic definition of a 'host', and a host-guest paradigm that often reinforces stereotypes of 'us' and 'them', West and the Rest (Phillimore and Goodson 2004a). Developing a postcolonial global framework of Foucauldian relational power has enabled me to focus on the experiences of the 'host' within two tourism places in The Gambia; Kotu/Senegambia and Tumani Tenda. Providing 'hosts' with cameras and audio-diaries has enabled the (re)presentation of 'self behind the 'other' depicted in Western tourism promotional literature. These methods, along with more conventional qualitative methods, have also enabled the analysis of the voices, images, actions and silences (literal and metaphorical) of the 'hosts'. Binaries and boundaries are revealed to be discontinuous in nature. The 'host' 'becomes' through actively engaging in complex, fluid , shifting networks of power that continuously reconfigure identity. The 'host's' paradoxical gaze upon the West, and upon other Gambian 'hosts', is manifested in host-tourist encounters that are dynamic, ambivalent and complex, creating a confused heterogeneous place. The term 'host' is re-inscribed with meaning and the orthodox host-guest paradigm is reconceptualised.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available