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Title: A high torque density, direct drive in-wheel motor for electric vehicles
Author: Ifedi, Chukwuma Junior
ISNI:       0000 0004 5353 6714
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2014
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The use of in-wheel motors, often referred to as hub motors as a source of propulsion for pure electric or hybrid electric vehicles has recently received a lot of attention. Since the motor is housed in the limited space within the wheel rim it must have a high torque density and efficiency, whilst being able to survive the rigours of being in-wheel in terms of environmental cycling, ingress, shock, vibration and driver abuse. Part of the work of this PhD involved an investigation into different slot and pole combinations in order determine a superior machine design, within given constraints based upon an existing in-wheel motor drive built by Protean Electric. Finite element analysis and optimisation have been applied in order to investigate the machine designs and achieve the optimum combination. The main work of this PhD, presents a high torque dense machine employing a new method of construction, which improves the torque capability with a smaller diameter, compared to that of the existing Protean in-wheel drive system. The machine is designed with an open slot stator and using magnetic slot wedges to close the slots. Having an open slot stator design means the coils can be pre-pressed before being inserted onto the stator teeth, this improves the electrical loading of the machine as the fill factor in the slot is increased. The electromagnetic impact of the slot wedges on the machine design has been studied, also a method of coil pressing has been studied and the impact upon coil insulation integrity verified. To ensure adequate levels of functional safety are met it is essential that failures do not lead to loss of control of the vehicle. Studies on a fault tolerant concept which can be applied to the design of in-wheel motors are presented. The study focuses on the ability to sustain an adequate level of performance following a failure, while achieving a high torque density. A series of failures have been simulated and compared with experimental tests conducted on a Protean motor. Finally a prototype is constructed and tested to determine the true level of performance. The prototype is compared to a new motor built in-house by Protean and achieves an improved level of performance.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Protean Electric
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available