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Title: Relationship between body surface potential maps and atrial electrograms in patients with atrial fibrillation
Author: Bojarnejad, Marjan
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2013
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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It is distinguished by fibrillating or trembling of the atrial muscle instead of normal contraction. Patients in AF have a much higher risk of stroke. AF is often driven by the left atrium (LA) and the diagnosis of AF is normally made from lead V1 in a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). However, lead V1 is dominated by right atrial activity due to its proximal location to the right atrium (RA). Consequently it is not well understood how electrical activity from the LA contributes to the ECG. Studies of the AF mechanisms from the LA are typically based on invasive recording techniques. From a clinical point of view it is highly desirable to have an alternative, non-invasive characterisation of AF. The aim of this study was to investigate how the LA electrical activity was expressed on the body surface, and if it could be observed preferentially in different sites on the body surface. For this purpose, electrical activity of the heart from 20 patients in AF were recorded simultaneously using 64-lead body surface potential mapping (BSPM) and bipolar 10-electrode catheters located in the LA and coronary sinus (CS). Established AF characteristics such as amplitude, dominant frequency (DF) and spectral concentration (SC) were estimated and analysed. Furthermore, two novel AF characteristics (intracardiac DF power distribution, and body surface spectral peak type) were proposed to investigate the relationship between the BSPM and electrogram (EGM) recordings. The results showed that although in individual patients there were body surface sites that preferentially represented the AF characteristics estimated from the LA, those sites were not consistent across all patients. It was found that the left atrial activity could be detected in all body surface sites such that all sites had a dominant or non-dominant spectral peak corresponding to EGM DF. However, overall the results suggested that body surface site 22 (close to lead V1) was more closely representative of the CS activity, and site 49 (close to the posterior lower central right) was more closely representative of the left atrial activity. There was evidence of more accurate estimation of AF characteristics using additional electrodes to lead V1.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available