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Title: Prevention of extreme roll motion through measurements of ship's motion responses
Author: Enshaei, Hossein
Awarding Body: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2013
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Exploring the operational links between a sea state and a ship’s heading and speed provides the opportunity to continuously monitor dynamic stability behaviour; and hence to avoid significant changes of stability in adverse weather. Significant changes of stability at sea can lead to dangerous transient situations and eventually stability failure. Despite its importance, the current intact stability (IS) criteria do not evaluate or consider the dynamics of the motion responses of a vessel in a wave environment. In this thesis, the full six degrees of freedom motion responses of two models have been tested in irregular waves under intact vessel conditions. The general modelling approach for a mathematical model was based on numerical simulations at different speeds, sea conditions and angle of heading relative to the waves. In the second model, a physical model was tested in a towing tank under similar simulated environmental conditions to that employed for the first model. The investigation was limited to the effects of encountered frequency components and the associated magnitude of energy of the ship’s motion responses. An analysis of heave, pitch and roll motion confirmed the vulnerability of the model to certain wave-excited frequency ranges. This particular range of frequency results in an adverse effect on the amplitude of the responses, and these were closely related to the natural mode frequencies and related coupling effects. It was confirmed that the roll motion maintains its highest oscillation amplitude at around the natural frequency in all sea conditions regardless of ship heading angles. It was also observed that spectral analysis of the heave and pitch responses revealed the wave peak frequency. Roll is magnified when the peak frequency of the waves approaches the natural roll frequency, therefore keeping them sufficiently apart avoids potentially large motion responses. It was concluded that peak frequency and associated magnitude are the two important inherent characteristics of motion responses. Detection of the most influential parameters of encountered waves through measurements of heave and pitch responses could be utilised to provide a method to limit the large motion of a ship at sea. The measurement of waves whilst a ship is underway is a major challenge, whereas ship motion, which is relatively easily measured, is a good indirect reflection of the encountered wave characteristics and which can be measured, stored and analysed using Prevention of extreme roll motion through measurements of ship’s motion responses iv on-board equipment. Motion responses are considered as continuous signals with a time-dependent spectral content, and signal processing is a suitable technique for detection, estimation and analysis of recorded time-varying signals. The method is fast enough to be considered as an on-board real-time monitoring of dynamic stability. Signal processing techniques are used in the detection and estimation of the influential parameters of a wave environment through the analysis of motion responses. The variables of the system were detected by spectral analysis of the heave and pitch motions. These variables are the peak wave frequencies and associated magnitudes which can cause a large roll motion when reasonably close to the ship’s natural roll frequency. The instantaneous frequency (IF) present in the signal is revealed through spectral analysis of short-time Fourier transforms (STFT) in less than a minute. The IF is a parameter of practical importance which can be used in real-time on-board decision making processes to enable the vessel to take actions in order to avoid large roll motions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available