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Title: Application of transition metal-mediated conjugate addition reactions to the synthesis of novel anti-tumour agents
Author: Christou, Stephania
ISNI:       0000 0004 5353 2887
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
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The Streptomyces metabolite 2-crotonyloxymethyl-(4R,5R,6R)-4,5,6-trihydroxycyclohex-2-enone (COTC), the antheminones and the carvotacetone derivatives are all bioactive natural products, whose structure is based on the α oxymethyl-a,β-cyclohexenone moiety. Both COTC and antheminone A have been shown to exhibit cytotoxic and cancerostatic activity with low toxicity. The potent biological activity of these natural products has instigated numerous investigations into the synthesis of novel analogues in an attempt to determine the key structural features necessary for optimum bioactivity. The synthesis of a small library of novel anti-tumour agents which are structurally related to the natural products COTC and antheminone A is described, using the chiral pool material (-)-quinic acid as a starting material. At the outset, the aim of this project was to develop and optimise copper-mediated conjugate addition reactions and rhodium catalysed conjugate addition reactions of organoboron reagents to functionalised cyclic enones and subsequently, to apply the methodologies to the synthesis of the novel analogues. A range of novel mono-hydroxylated analogues bearing aryl side chains were prepared and their antiproliferative activity was assessed towards the A549 non-small cell cancer cell line. The biological assays revealed important structure-activity relationships and the most bioactive compound of this series had an IC50 value of 1.2 µM. In addition, the design and synthesis of a new class of GSH-activated prodrugs is described. These novel compounds are activated by GSH leading to intracellular release of an NQO1 inhibitor. The most potent compound of this new class of compounds had an IC50 value of 710 nm.
Supervisor: Quayle, Peter; Whitehead, Roger Sponsor: EPSRC
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: COTC ; Antheminones ; Cytotoxicity ; Conjugate addition reactions ; Quinic acid ; MTT assays ; Diastereoselectivity