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Title: Efficient methodologies for single-image blind deconvolution and deblurring
Author: Khan, Aftab
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
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The Blind Image Deconvolution/Deblurring (BID) problem was realised in the early 1960s but it still remains a challenging task for the image processing research community to find an efficient, reliable and most importantly a diversely applicable deblurring scheme. The main challenge arises from little or no prior information about the image or the blurring process as well as the lack of optimal restoration filters to reduce or completely eliminate the blurring effect. Moreover, restoration can be marred by the two common side effects of deblurring; namely the noise amplification and ringing artefacts that arise in the deblurred image due to an unrealizable or imperfect restoration filter. Also, developing a scheme that can process different types of blur, especially for real images, is yet to be realized to a satisfactory level. This research is focused on the development of blind restoration schemes for real life blurred images. The primary objective is to design a BID scheme that is robust in term of Point Spread Function (PSF) estimation, efficient in terms of restoration speed, and effective in terms of restoration quality. A desired scheme will require a deblurring measure to act as a feedback of quality regarding the deblurred image and lead the estimation of the blurring PSF. The blurred image and the estimated PSF can then be passed on to any classical restoration filter for deblurring. The deblurring measures presented in this research include blind non-Gaussianity measures as well as blind Image Quality Measures (IQMs). These measures are blind in the sense that they are able to gauge the quality of an image directly from it without the need to reference a high quality image. The non-Gaussianity measures include spatial and spectral kurtosis measures; while the image quality analysers include the Blind/Reference-less Image Spatial QUality Evaluator (BRISQUE), Natural Image Quality Evaluator (NIQE) index and Reblurring based Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (RPSNR) measure. BRISQUE, NIQE and spectral kurtosis, are introduced for the first time as deblurring measures for BID. RPSNR is a novel full reference yet blind IQM designed and used in this research work. Experiments were conducted on different image datasets and real life blurred images. Optimization of the BID schemes has been achieved using a gradient descent based scheme and a Genetic Algorithm (GA). Quantitative results based on full-reference and non-reference IQMs, present BRISQUE as a robust and computationally efficient blind feedback quality measure. Also, parametric and arbitrarily shaped (non-parametric or generic) PSFs were treated for the blind deconvolution of images. The parametric forms of PSF include uniform Gaussian, motion and out-of-focus blur. The arbitrarily shaped PSFs comprise blurs that have a much more complex blur shape which cannot be easily modelled in the parametric form. A novel scheme for arbitrarily shaped PSF estimation and blind deblurring has been designed, implemented and tested on artificial and real life blurred images. The scheme provides a unified base for the estimation of both parametric and arbitrarily shaped PSFs with the BRISQUE quality measure in conjunction with a GA. Full-reference and non-reference IQMs have been utilised to gauge the quality of deblurred images for the BID schemes. In the real BID case, only non-reference IQMs can be employed due to the unavailability of the reference high quality image. Quantitative results of these images depict the restoration ability of the BID scheme. The significance of the research work lies in the BID scheme‘s ability to handle parametric and arbitrarily shaped PSFs using a single algorithm, for single-shot blurred images, with enhanced optimization through the gradient descent scheme and GA in conjunction with multiple feedback IQMs.
Supervisor: Yin, Hujun Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Image Processing ; Signal Processing ; Blind image deblurring ; Blind image deconvolution ; Image Restoration