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Title: Evaluation of the functional role(s) of TIMP-3 in prostate cancer progression
Author: Popoola, Olajumoke Oyinade
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2013
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Prostate cancer is the second highest cause of cancer death in men and its transformation to an untreatable state depends on the loss of the cells' requirement for androgen. Metalloproteinases such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAMs) and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTSs) are implicated in prostate cancer. Tissue inhibitor ofmetalloproteinase (TIMP) is a family of 4 inhibitors whose major functions are to regulate the activity of metalloproteinases. TIMP-3 inhibits ADAMTSs, MMPs and ADAMs, and independently inhibits angiogenesis. The aims of this research were to investigate the expression and modulation of TIMP-3 in prostate stromal and cancer cells in order to better understand its role(s) in prostate cancer. The effects of androgen, growth factors and cytokines on TIMP-3 expression in prostate stromal and cancer cells were analysed. Co-culture analyses were employed to investigate the effect of cell-cell contact on TIMP-3 expression. RNAi experiments were carried out to study the effects of TIMP-3 inhibition on biological functions. Tissue micro array analyses were carried out in order to investigate correlation of TIMP-3 expression with prostate cancer malignancy. TIMP-3 expression was higher in prostate stromal cells than cancer cells. Co-culture analyses showed up-regulation of TIMP-3 in stromal cells and down-regulation in cancer cells. Immuno-staining in prostate tissues demonstrated higher TIMP-3 staining normal and benign tissues compared to malignant tissue. The modulation of TIMP-3 expression observed by androgen was cancer-cell-specific and by growth factors/cytokines was stromal-cell-specific. RNAi-mediated down-regulation of TIMP-3 in cancer-associated stromal cells resulted in increased migration and invasion. ECM lysates from transfected stromal cells demonstrated reduced MMP-2 inhibition. Overall, these results show the interplay of the stromal and tumour compartments in modifying the activity of prostate tumour, and suggest that TIMP-3 is important in modulating the migration and invasive potential.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available