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Title: Bio-inspired tools for a distributed wireless sensor network operating system
Author: Breza, Michael
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2013
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The problem which I address in this thesis is to find a way to organise and manage a network of wireless sensor nodes using a minimal amount of communication. To find a solution I explore the use of Bio-inspired protocols to enable WSN management while maintaining a low communication overhead. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are loosely coupled distributed systems comprised of low-resource, battery powered sensor nodes. The largest problem with WSN management is that communication is the largest consumer of a sensor node’s energy. WSN management systems need to use as little communication as possible to prolong their operational lifetimes. This is the Wireless Sensor Network Management Problem. This problem is compounded because current WSN management systems glue together unrelated protocols to provide system services causing inter-protocol interference. Bio-inspired protocols provide a good solution because they enable the nodes to self-organise, use local area communication, and can combine their communication in an intelligent way with minimal increase in communication. I present a combined protocol and MAC scheduler to enable multiple service protocols to function in a WSN at the same time without causing inter-protocol interference. The scheduler is throughput optimal as long as the communication requirements of all of the protocols remain within the communication capacity of the network. I show that the scheduler improves a dissemination protocol’s performance by 35%. A bio-inspired synchronisation service is presented which enables wireless sensor nodes to self organise and provide a time service. Evaluation of the protocol shows an 80% saving in communication over similar bio-inspired synchronisation approaches. I then add an information dissemination protocol, without significantly increasing communication. This is achieved through the ability of our bio-inspired algorithms to combine their communication in an intelligent way so that they are able to offer multiple services without requiring a great deal of inter-node communication.
Supervisor: McCann, Julie Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available