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Title: A study of the impact of audio-visual based drugs and doping control educational material on the knowledge and attitudes of scholars and apprentices within English football clubs
Author: Earl, Michael Graham
Awarding Body: University of Bath
Current Institution: University of Bath
Date of Award: 2011
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This study aimed to explore the effect of an audio-visual-based education programme The Football Association (FA) Drugs and Doping Control Education Programme' (DDCEP) on the knowledge and attitudes of young professional footballers in England and Wales towards doping, as well as alcohol and social drug use. First year Scholars and Apprentices (aged 16-17, mean age = 16.69 years; SO = 0.51) registered with English and Welsh professional football clubs participating in the top four leagues of English football at the start of 2006-2007 season were included in the study (n=500). After obtaining informed parental consent, all players were administered a multi-section questionnaire (Time Point 1) prior to viewing the education programme. This was designed to assess their knowledge of doping and social drugs issues, and to also measure various psychological factors including attitudes towards doping, dispositional goal orientations, social desirability, and sportspersonship orientations. Participants repeated the knowledge and attitude assessments within one month of viewing the programme (Time Point 2) and then again 6 months later (Time Point 3). Results of repeated measures MANOVA (Wilks' Lambda = .82, F(2, 497) = 53.03, P <.001) showed that after viewing the programme, participants demonstrated significantly improved knowledge. Further, and compared to baseline (i.e. Time Point 1), this knowledge had only slightly reduced after six months. A large effect for knowledge was reported (d=- 1.03) between Time Point 1 (TP1) and TP2, and (d=-0.91) between TP1 and TP3. Supplementary regression analysis revealed that ego and sportspersonship scores negatively predicted knowledge at TP2 when controlling for knowledge at TP1. Antisocial sportspersonship was also found to predict pro-doping attitudes at TP2 when controlling for attitudes at TP1 . These findings will be of benefit for education practitioners and sports psychologists across the anti-doping community.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available