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Title: The effects of scaling and high subsonic cavity flow and control
Author: Thangamani, V.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 7268
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2014
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The effects of scaling a cavity with respect to a fixed incoming boundary layer thickness on its flow dynamics and control was studied experimentally. Three cavity models with constant length-to-depth ratio of 5 and length-to-width ratio of 2 and with corresponding linear dimensions in the ratio 0.5 : 1 : 2 were tested at freestream Mach number 0.71. Additionally, the 0.5 and 1 scale models were tested at freestream Mach number of 0.85. The experiments involved timeaveraged pressure measurements, unsteady pressure measurements, and PIV measurements. Time-averaged pressure measurements made at the floor were used to study the ’flow-type’ of the cavities. Unsteady pressure measurements were used to study the acoustic characteristics of the cavity. The cavity length-to-boundary layer thickness ratios tested were 10, 20 and 40. The Cp distribution on the clean cavities indicated a change in the cavity flowtype with change in the cavity scale. Varying the L/δ from 10 to 40 changed the cavity flow-type from open to transitional. Analysis of the frequency spectra of the cavity revealed an increase in tonal amplitudes and OASPL with increasing L/δ . The PIV measurements indicated that this could be caused by an increase in energy exchange between the freestream and the cavity. The velocity magnitudes inside the cavities were found to increase with increase in L/δ . A comparative study of different passive control methods on the largest cavity showed that leading-edge spoilers were superior in cavity tone suppression. Of these, the effectiveness of a sawtooth spoiler on the three cavities of different scales was tested. The results showed that while the spoiler was effective in eliminating tones and suppression of noise for the smaller cavities, it was unable to eliminate the tones completely for the largest cavity. To find the correct method for scaling the spoilers with the cavity dimensions, different spoiler heights were tested on the three cavities. The results showed that the cavity noise suppression for a given cavity attains saturation level at a particular spoiler height, called the critical spoiler height. An increase in spoiler height beyond the critical spoiler height was found to have no effect on the noise suppression. It is also found that this critical spoiler height can be scaled with the length of the cavity (for given L/D, M and spoiler profile) irrespective of the boundary layer thickness.
Supervisor: Saddington, A.; Knowles, K. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Cavity flow ; Aerodynamics ; Flow effects ; Scaling