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Title: A comparative evaluation of Social Stories™, Self Video Modelling and Peer Video Modelling in the teaching, maintenance and generalisation of social behaviour skills with children aged 36-72 months on the Autism Spectrum
Author: Szymanski, Jamie
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 231X
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2014
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Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have difficulties with social interaction that affect their early learning through play. Systematic reviews were conducted on the effectiveness of Social Stories™ (SS™), Self Video Modelling (SVM) and Peer Video Modelling (PVM) to teach social behaviour to such children. Study 1 compared their effectiveness for teaching three core play skills to 18 young children with ASD: initiating play, turn taking and finishing play; using a counterbalancing design across skills and play materials so that each participant received each intervention. At intake, participants’ ages, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale and PLS-3 scores were assessed. The three core skills were observed with good interobserver (97.3%) and procedural (100%) reliability and quantified using a specifically designed scale. The social validity of target skills and interventions was assessed using a Likert scale. All interventions showed evidence of significant improvement. Non-parametric repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc Wilcoxon tests showed that SVM was superior to SS™ and PVM. Such superiority was evident for initiating play and turn taking but not for finishing play. There was no significant association between the intake variables and either the degree of change between baseline and post-intervention or the post-intervention scores themselves for SS™. Change following SVM was positively related to the Vineland composite score and its motor skills domain score. Post-intervention scores for SVM were positively related to the Vineland composite scores and its communication, daily living and motor skills domain scores as well as all three PLS-3 scores. Change following PVM was related to the Vineland maladaptive score. The target skills and interventions had high social validity. Study 2 showed that more sustained intervention over time resulted in improvement for those who did less well initially. Overall, the research provides encouraging evidence that these interventions are effective in teaching play behaviours to young children with ASD.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RJ101 Child Health. Child health services