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Title: Heterotopia: reframing spatial practices and boundaries, c. 1968-2008
Author: De Sousa, Emanuel Jose Rocha Ferreira
Awarding Body: Open University
Current Institution: Open University
Date of Award: 2013
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The dissertation examines the disruption of 'orthotopographic' thought (in other words, in the right place) and the reverberation of 'heterotopology' (or, science of other places), from the 1960s onwards, in order to assess the role of the normative in architecture and urbanism. By examining trajectories of architectural knowledge in this specific period, it is suggested that the process by which architecture and urbanism transformed the utopian project into a diversity of 'other' - heterotopia - practices emphasised, paradoxically, the relevance of 'type' and typological variation. To this end, the research conducted for this dissertation explores the long history of the term heterotopia stretching from the emergence of the term in biology and medicine in the late nineteenth century to its (re)appearance in cultural studies in architecture in the late twentieth century. A similar parallel research on the notion of type across the same extended period discuss~s the various formulations of type within the natural sciences, medicine and the social sciences, and subsequent appropriations in architecture and urbanism. Two major research strategies are used : (1) a critical cross-reference analysis of processes and products within specific fields of knowledge and (2) case studies from architecture and urbanism in relation to their performance and the cultural and spatial practices that produced them. Special attention is dedicated to the international exhibitions Roma Interrota (Rome, 1978), 10 Immagini per Venezia (Venice, 1978-80) and International Bauausstellung Berlin (Berlin, 1979-87). These are studied to evaluate the renewed interest in 'type' and typological variation within 'specific' city formations, through the work of Aldo Rossi and John Hejduk, among others. In particular, the dissertation excises the ordering process of typological resemblance from heterotopia, in favour of an understanding of 'type' as process - not as schema formulated a priori but deduced from a series of instances - within typological series. The series of architectural conditions thus unveiled challenges the process of resemblance usually ascribed to the notion of heterotopia, reinstating a latent process of similitude. Heterotopia then is approached not as a question of the' other' (deferring a peripheral position), bur as a. (requestioning of the 'same' (reinstating a central position) in the discussion on the city and territory.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available