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Title: Ice cream : an approach considering formulation microstructure and eating behaviour
Author: Santos-Murphy, Sarah Maria
ISNI:       0000 0004 5363 9887
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2014
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Ice cream is a popular, yet complex, multi-phase/colloidal foodstuff. To understand how this complex microstructure influences the eating behaviour of the consumer requires an interdisciplinary collaboration between Chemical Engineering and Psychology. Thus, an understanding of how product formulation affects consumer preference could be derived and could possibly be used for either product reformulation or promotion. Experiments explored and quantified the physical properties of the ice cream and how these structures translated into the sensory qualities within the human participants. This involved measuring the consumer’s preferences and the potential satiating qualities from different formulations. Destabilisation times of basic emulsions were also examined. The in-depth examination of the eating behaviour of ice cream used an universal eating machine. This showed, that regardless of formulation quality, the rate and total amount consumed remained relatively constant. This counter-intuitive result also persisted over repeated exposures to the product. By manipulating the physical structure of the ice cream (ice crystal phase through temperature manipulation), an understanding of the limits of oral sensitivity, and consumer perception of an altered product could be gained through a triangle test. These “human” results were contrasted to “machine data” (engineering measurements) gathered in the laboratory. The ice creams differed most markedly in their tribological responses. However, overall, the human panelists were insensitive to these clear physical differences in the test products.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: BF Psychology ; TP Chemical technology