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Title: Epstein-Barr virus infection in adult renal transplant recipients
Author: Morton, David
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2013
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Aims: To explore the clinical significance of EBV infection in adult renal transplant recipients when detected in the late post-transplant period. Methods: (1) A prospective observational study recruiting 499 stable adult kidney transplant recipients with serial blood sampling for EBV DNAemia and assessment of clinical outcomes and associated factors. (2) A retrospective analysis of PTLD incidence, timing and outcomes in relation to EBV infection. Results: EBV DNAemia in stable kidney transplant recipients is common, found in 46% of recruited individuals screened over 1 year, with persistent DNAemia seen in 10%. DNAemia prevalence increased significantly with time from transplant (p<0.0001) from 16% within 1 year of transplant to 66% in those transplanted for 20-24 years. High baseline DNA levels predicted persistence of DNAemia. Time adjusted analyses showed significant association of DNAemia with EBV seronegative status and previous PTLD and low DNAemia rates with Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) use and lymphopenia. The mechanism did not appear to be directly linked to MMF induced B cell depletion. Chronic high viral load detection was significantly associated with time from transplant, EBV seronegative status at transplant, ciclosporin use and plasma detection of DNA. No significant differences in overall patient survival at 3 years, clinical symptoms or clinical findings such as anaemia, thrombocytopenia or rate of decline in renal function were seen between stable transplant recipients with and without EBV DNAemia. PTLD incidence also increases with time from transplant and was greatest during the 10th-14th post-transplant years. Disease was EBV positive in 68% cases. No statistically significant differences in overall patient survival, or overall disease complete response rates were seen in relation to recipient EBV serostatus or EBV status of PTLD histology. Conclusions: EBV DNAemia prevalence increases with time from transplant but was not associated with worse patient or graft survival or specific symptoms. PTLD incidence including EBV negative disease also increases with time from transplant but response rates and survival were not influenced by EBV serostatus or histological status.
Supervisor: Vallely, Pamela; Klapper, Paul Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Epstein-Barr virus ; Transplant ; Immunosuppression ; Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder ; Kidney