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Title: Transformer modelling and influential parameters identification for geomagnetic disturbances events
Author: Zhang, Rui
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2012
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Power transformers are a key element in the transmission and distribution of electrical energy and as such need to be highly reliable and efficient. In power system networks, transformer core saturation can cause system voltage disturbances or transformer damage or accelerate insulation ageing. Low frequency switching transients such as ferroresonance and inrush currents, and increasingly what is now known as geomagnetic induce currents (GIC), are the most common phenomena to cause transformer core saturation. This thesis describes extensive simulation studies carried out on GIC and switching ferroresonant transient phenomena. Two types of transformer model were developed to study core saturation problems; one is the mathematical transformer magnetic circuit model, and the other the ATPDraw transformer model. Using the mathematical transformer magnetic circuit model, the influence of the transformer core structure on the magnetising current has been successfully identified and so have the transformers' responses to GIC events. By using the ATPDraw transformer model, the AC system network behaviours under the influence of the DC bias caused by GIC events have been successfully analysed using various simulation case studies. The effects of the winding connection, the core structure, and the network parameters including system impedances and transformer loading conditions on the magnetising currents of the transformers are summarised. Transient interaction among transformers and other system components during energisation and de-energisation operations are becoming increasingly important. One case study on switching ferroresonant transients was modelled using the available transformer test report data and the design data of the main components of the distribution network. The results were closely matched with field test results, which verified the simulation methodology. The simulation results helped establish the fundamental understanding of GIC and ferroresonance events in the power networks; among all the influential parameters identified, transformer core structure is the most important one. In summary, the five-limb core is easier to saturate than the three-limb transformer under the same GIC events; the smaller the side yoke area of the five-limb core, the easier it will be to saturate. More importantly, under GIC events a transformer core could become saturated irrespective of the loading condition of the transformer.
Supervisor: Li, Haiyu Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Transformer saturation ; Transformer core modelling ; Geomagnetically induced currents (GIC) ; Switching transient