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Title: The institutional structure of residential development industry in Malaysia : a private developers' perspective
Author: Foo, Lee Hoon Ruth
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2010
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This research is intended to examine the institutional structure of the Malaysian residential development industry with a specific focus on the nature of interaction between developers and the state. On this basis, this thesis aims to examine the institutional role of developers and their interaction with the state to improve the housing delivery system. Ball’s (1998;1986) Structure of Provision theory (SoP) and Wong and Madden’s (2000) North West Housing Assessment model were adapted to explore developers’ views and aspirations in various aspects of the residential industry in Malaysia. Case study research with extreme case scenarios were carried out in Kuala Lumpur and Johor to ascertain robust findings to contrast and compare. The institution of the Malaysian residential development industry is severely plagued with a high level of bureaucracy, a multiplicity of approving agencies and tight planning legislations. These are the main impediments to a responsive housing delivery system. In addition, research findings indicate inherent tensions in the interaction between developers and the state which is caused by the weak influence of developers in shaping government policy. There was evidence of an informal culture, particularly extensive relationship building between developers and the state and in their application for planning permission. In some extreme cases, there was some evidence of malpractice. The state, professionals and homebuyers are found to be in tension and conflict with developers. Developers are seen to be extremely profit-driven to the extent of flouting the regulations which they claim to be excessive and outmoded. The Malaysian residential industry has weak institutional capacity as it is characterised by a lack of trust and suspicion between developers and the state, and between developers and professionals. Hence, this thesis attempts to address the hindrances to effective implementation of legislative frameworks and to propose ways to overcome the present weaknesses. It also identifies some future directions for similar research to be carried out in Malaysia.
Supervisor: Wong, Cecilia; Barker, Adam Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available