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Title: China and Africa development cooperation : implications for global social policy analysis
Author: Urbina Ferretjans, María Antonia
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2013
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China's role as an emerging development actor in Africa, and its conceptualization of welfare and social policy issues within the continent, have generated polarized reactions in the West. While some bilateral and multilateral organisations perceive the emerging Chinese approach to be antithetical to traditional Western goals and practice, others welcome it as an opportunity to develop new and innovative ideas about social development. The Chinese 'productivist' approach, it is argued is driven less by explicit notions of citizenship and social rights, and more in terms of accumulation functions. Investment in education, training and health is justified in terms of broader economic development goals, and stands in contrast to current safety-net or 'welfarist' models of Western donors providing social protection from social contingencies and poverty. In this context, the aim of this research is to examine whether China's aid to Africa has an influence on Western policy ideas about welfare and social policy on the continent. International development institutions now constitute an increasingly influential and global dimension to the social policy agenda in developing countries. It is therefore important to ascertain how specific aid actors view development and conceptualize social policy issues within the policy agenda, since their perspective might have important implications for social policy developments in the South, and for global social policy ideas and debates. This research compares and analyses the approaches of Chinese and Western institutions to welfare and social policy in Africa, and examines whether Chinese aid constitutes a new social policy approach in international development. The analysis also explores the extent to which new policy ideas on social welfare are now emerging in Western international development institutions in the context of China's new role, and asks what this means for global social policy analysis. This investigation has been carried out through documentary analysis of key Sino-African and Western policy documents, and through elite interviews with senior Chinese officials, academics and policy advisers, Western bilateral and multilateral donors, and African Ambassadors in Beijing. The study is located within global social policy discourses and investigates China's role as a source of ideational and normative innovation in global social policy and global social governance.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available