Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.606531
Title: Thermo-elastic-plastic analysis for elastic component under high temperature fatigue crack growth rate
Author: Ali, Mohammed Ali Nasser
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 2013
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Abstract:
The research project presents a fundamental understanding of the fatigue crack growth mechanisms of AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel, based on the comparison analysis between the theoretical and numerical modelling, incorporating research findings under isothermal fatigue loading for solid cylindrical specimen and the theoretical modelling with the numerical simulation for tubular specimen when subjected to cyclic mechanical loading superimposed by cyclic thermal shock. The experimental part of this research programme studied the fatigue stress-life data for three types of surface conditions specimen and the isothermal stress-controlled fatigue testing at 300°C - 600°C temperature range. It is observed that the highest strength is obtained for the polished specimen, while the machined specimen shows lower strength, and the lowest strength is the notched specimen due to the high effect of the stress concentration. The material behaviour at room and high temperatures shows an initial hardening, followed by slow extension until fully plastic saturation then followed by crack initiation and growth eventually reaching the failure of the specimen, resulting from the dynamic strain ageing occurred from the transformation of austenitic microstructure to martensite and also, the nucleation of precipitation at grain boundaries and the incremental temperature increase the fatigue crack growth rate with stress intensity factor however, the crack growth rate at 600°C test temperature is less than 500°C because of the creep-fatigue taking place. The theoretical modelling presents the crack growth analysis and stress and strain intensity factor approaches analysed in two case studies based on the addition of thermo-elastic-plastic stresses to the experimental fatigue applied loading. Case study one estimates the thermal stresses superimposed sinusoidal cyclic mechanical stress results in solid cylinder under isothermal fatigue simulation. Case study two estimates the transient thermal stresses superimposed on cyclic mechanical loading results in hollow cylinder under thermal shock in heating case and down shock cooling case. The combination of stress and strain intensity factor theoretical calculations with the experimental output recorded data shows a similar behaviour with increasing temperature, and there is a fair correlation between the profiles at the beginning and then divergence with increasing the crack length. The transient influence of high temperature in case two, giving a very high thermal shock stress as a heating or cooling effects, shifting up the combined stress, when applied a cyclic mechanical load in fraction of seconds, and the reputations of these shocks, causing a fast failure under high thermal shock stress superimposed with mechanical loading. Finally, the numerical modelling analyses three cases studied were solved due to the types of loading and types of specimen geometry by using finite element models constructed through the ANSYS Workbench version 13.0. The first case is a low cyclic fatigue case for a solid cylinder specimen simulated by applying a cyclic mechanical loading. The second is an isothermal fatigue case for solid cylinder specimen simulated by supplying different constant temperatures on the outer surface with cyclic mechanical loading, where the two cases are similar to the experimental tests and the third case, is a thermo-mechanical fatigue for a hollow cylinder model by simulating a thermal up-shock generated due to transient heating on the outer surface of the model or down shock cooling on the inner surface with the cyclic mechanical loading. The results show a good agreement with the experimental data in terms of alternative stress and life in the first case. In case two results show the strain intensity factor is increases with increasing temperature similar to the theoretical solution due to the influence of the modulus of elasticity and the difference in life estimation with the experimental output record is related to the input data made of theoretical physical properties and the experimental stress-life data.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.606531  DOI: Not available
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