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Title: Investigation of premixed sooting flames by combined laser induced incandescence and laser induced fluorescence
Author: Dunn, Jaclyn
Awarding Body: University of Strathclyde
Current Institution: University of Strathclyde
Date of Award: 2013
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This study applies the techniques of laser induced incandescence (LII) and laser induced fluorescence (LIF) to investigate laminar sooting flames of premixed ethylene air. The approach involves using three different excitation wavelengths, together with temporally and spectrally resolved detection, generating a rich dataset concerning the formation of soot and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Both prompt and delayed detection are used to perform LII when exciting with short wavelengths, both with issues involved. Delayed detection gives an underestimation of soot volume fraction at low heights in the flame, as a result of particle size effects. Prompt detection gives overestimation of soot volume fraction due to fluorescence in the measurement volume. It is shown that care must be taken with either method and through evaluation of the associated errors this study shows delayed detection provides a more accurate measure of soot volume fraction. The ability to obtain the flu orescence signals over a range of heights above burner and stoichiometries is demonstrated. The approach relies on heating the soot particles equivalently with three excitation wavelengths so the LII contribution to the signals can be subtracted, leaving only fluorescence. Fluorescence profiles obtained show similar features to those seen in the literature for invasive measurements, including a reduction in the fluorescence signal generated by 283 nm excitation at intermediate heights above the burner surface followed by a re-increase. Although the data do not allow species-selective measurements of PAHs, these in-situ measurements allow inferences to be drawn about changing concentration of different size classes of these precursors to soot formation. Finally the method of obtaining subtracting the LII contribution to signals was used to obtain fluorescence spectra both for 283 nm and 532 nm excitation. This showed the possibility that fluorescence can yield useful information that it is otherwise impossible to obtain in-situ under sooting conditions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available