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Title: Modelling the shift in the balance of care in the NHS
Author: Marshall, Carol
Awarding Body: University of Stirling
Current Institution: University of Stirling
Date of Award: 2013
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The concept of Shifting the Balance of Care was first introduced to NHS Scotland in 2005 through the Kerr Report. The key messages from the report were to: ensure sustainable and safe local services, which are supported by the right skills, change the emphasis of care into the community, provide preventative reactive care, and fully integrate the system to tackle the changes, use technology more effectively, and involve the public in finding solutions to change. Following the report, a framework was developed which highlighted and prioritised eight areas of improvement. These areas for improvement are the focus by which this research examines if Operational Research (OR), specifically OR models, can have a positive impact in Shifting the Balance of Care. The research utilises underlying OR methodologies and methods and provides evidence from the literature of the ability of nine selected models to facilitate the Shift in the Balance of Care. A contributing factor to the research is the barriers to implementation of OR models into the NHS. With reference to the literature, the common barriers to implementation of OR models are categorised and used to provide direction to modellers where implementation barriers are more prevalent in some models than in others. The research also provides empirical evidence of three selected models’ (the Lean Methodology, Process Mapping and Simulation, developed over two Case Studies) ability to address and influence the prioritised Improvement Areas, with the addition of a newly developed model: SoApt. The development of SoApt follows the Principles of Model Development derived as a guide to modellers who wish to develop a new model. SoApt is also empirically explored in a Case Study and provides some evidence of the models ability to aid Decision-makers, faced with limited budgets, to choose between options which will Shift the Balance of Care. OR methods and methodologies are examined to ascertain the Roles of Models for each model explored in the Case Studies. Examination of the Roles of Models against the Improvement Areas provided evidence of a models’ ability to address more than one of the priority areas and that models can be used together or sequentially. In addition, with reference to OR methods and methodologies, a theoretical Evaluation Framework is proposed which suggests the User and User Satisfaction is key to the evaluation of a model’s success; positive experiences of the User and Use of the model may help to eliminate some of the barriers to implementation.
Supervisor: Bowers, John Sponsor: ESRC ; Fife NHS
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Modelling ; Healthcare ; Operations Research ; NHS ; Lean Methodology ; Discrete Event Simulation ; Process Mapping ; Scenario Generator ; Shifting the Balance of Care ; Health Reform ; Barriers to Implementation ; OR Models ; Model Evaluation ; National health services Organization and administration Scotland ; Patient satisfaction ; Medical personnel Job satisfaction Scotland