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Title: Analysing sex determination in farmed fish using Next Generation DNA sequencing
Author: Palaiokostas, Christos
Awarding Body: University of Stirling
Current Institution: University of Stirling
Date of Award: 2013
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The aim of the current thesis was the analysis of the genetics of sex determination of farmed fish with sexual dimorphism, using Next Generation Sequencing. Three different species of farmed fish with sex-determining systems of varying complexity were studied. Both full-sibs and more distantly related specimens of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus), Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were used for this study. Application of Restriction-site Associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) and double digest Restriction-site Associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-seq), two related techniques based on next generation sequencing, allowed the identification of thousands of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs; > 3,000) for each of the above species. The first SNP-based genetic maps for the above species were constructed during the current study. The first evidence concerning the location of the sex-determining region of Atlantic halibut is provided in this study. In the case of Nile tilapia both novel sex-determining regions and fine mapping of the major sex-determining region are presented. In the study of European sea bass evidence concerning the absence of a major sex-determining gene was provided. Indications of putative sex-determining regions in this species are also provided. The results of the current thesis help to broaden current knowledge concerning sex determination in three important farmed fish. In addition the results of the current thesis have practical applications as well, towards the production of mono-sex stocks of those species for the aquaculture industry.
Supervisor: Penman, David; McAndrew, Brendan Sponsor: University of Stirling
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RAD-seq ; ddRAD-seq ; Next Generation Sequencing ; QTL ; SNP ; Selection ; Gene mapping ; Fishes Sexing ; Fishes Genetics ; Atlantic halibut ; Nile tilapia ; European seabass