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Title: The effect of a Trauma Risk Management (TRiM) programme on stigma and attitudes to stress and trauma in the police service
Author: Watson, L. B.
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2013
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Police personnel exposed to potentially traumatic events as part of their operational duty may develop psychological problems. A number of UK Police Forces have made use of Trauma Risk Management (TRiM), developed by the Royal Navy, to address this issue. TRiM is a peer-support process that aims to support employees following trauma, reduce stigma and encourage help-seeking behaviour. Research within military populations has provided preliminary support for the beneficial effects, and importantly no detrimental effects of using TRiM. However, to date there has been little research into the use of TRiM with police populations. Five Police Forces took part in the online questionnaire study; three of these utilised the TRiM programme and comprised the TRiM group (n=693); two of these utilised Occupational Health support following trauma exposure and comprised the non-TRiM group (n=166). The questionnaire included measures of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptomatology, depression, attitudes to stress and PTSD, barriers to help-seeking, self-stigma and public-stigma, and post-traumatic psychological change. The results showed that the TRiM group reported lower levels of psychological distress than the non-TRiM group. Those in the TRiM group demonstrated less stigmatised views towards experiencing mental health difficulties, perceived fewer barriers to help-seeking, and reported greater positive psychological change following adversity, than the non-TRiM group. However, there were no significant differences between the two groups' attitudes towards PTSD and stress. Whilst TRiM appears a promising programme for encouraging help-seeking the results show that there is still some way to go to alter the stigmatising attitudes towards experiencing emotional difficulties in the Police.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psych.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available