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Title: The impacts of HIV/AIDS pandemic on rural livelihoods : the case of the Ghana-Togo border region
Author: Duphey, Simon
ISNI:       0000 0004 5358 4492
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2014
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The proposed research builds on the sustainable livelihoods framework. The livelihoods approach has gained a very wide publicity among development practitioners such as the UNDP, DFID, Agencies, Non-Governmental Organisations and policy makers. Even though the livelihoods framework has been used for a while, it still appears as a catch phrase in rural development, especially in partnership with the rural dwellers. In this study, therefore, the sustainable livelihoods approach has been used in a holistic manner to be able to understudy the daily living activities undertaken around the Ghana-Togo border region domiciled by the Ewes. In specific terms, the livelihoods framework has been used to explore the nature and significance of cross-border networks (e.g. families, tribal groups, trading networks, waged labour and mobility) and evaluate the cross-border impacts of severe illness such as HIV/AIDS on these networks and livelihoods of the Ewes who by dint of the colonial legacy have been divided into two different sides of the same colonial border. The "innovation" in this new dispensation has become movement to see people of same ethnic origin imposed by the colonial political economy. Mobility across the Ghana-Togo border is not therefore carried out by purely economic considerations such as trading and buying and selling. Rather, mobility serves as viable livelihood strategy and sustained by social networks and social capital that have been found to be more relevant than people who migrate and change their residences in search of greener pastures. Mixed methods approach has therefore been used together with the livelihoods framework to study the migration or mobility/HIV/AIDS and livelihoods nexus in order to find out the extent to which HIV/AIDS impacts on the border residents' livelihoods. Mobility as an important socio-economic phenomenon can no longer be taken for granted and dovetailed under migration just because of the derived gains in form of remittances usually sent home and on which much literature abound. Due to the inception of the ECOWAS PROTOCOL, people of the sub region have unrestricted movement to and from across the border. A study of the huge movement of people from near and far in terms of knowing the indirect effects of HIV/AIDS deaths and illness on livelihoods in these areas that may be trans-national and multi-local in nature seems to be long overdue. Thus the study therefore sets out to find out the impacts of the HIV/AIDS-Migration/Mobility-Livelihoods nexus.
Supervisor: Sporton, Deborah Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available