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Title: The making of asylum policies in Turkey : analysis of non-governmental organisations, political elites and bureaucrats
Author: Eroglu, D.
Awarding Body: University of Essex
Current Institution: University of Essex
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis examines Turkish asylum policies from a policy-making perspective by drawing on institutionalist accounts. To this end, it analyses the role of three key institutions in policymaking; non-governmental organisations, political elites and bureaucrats. In particular, Discursive Institutionalism is utilised to investigate these aspects. Turkey was one of the drafters and original signatories of the 1951 United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and signed the Convention with both a geographical and a time limitation, as expressed in Article IB(1)(a). In 1967, when signing the Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, Turkey accepted lifting the time limitation but retained the geographical limitation. In accordance with this decision, Turkey grants refugee status to asylum seekers of European origin, while non-European applicants are eligible for only 'asylum seeker' status. Turkey has received a great deal of criticism from the international community for failing to respect the rights of asylum seekers in this country. In 201 1, The Law on Foreigners and International Protection in Turkey, the first comprehensive law to cover both foreigners and those who need international protection, was drafted after consultation with several stakeholders. This law was approved by Parliament on 4 April 2013. While this new legislation aims to increase the scope of rights that asylum seekers can enjoy in Turkey, non-European refugees are still cannot receive refugee status; they are only be given 'conditional refugee' status instead of the previous description of 'asylum seekers'. Given the very recent remarkable developments in the asylum policy field and the peculiarities of Turkish asylum policies, this thesis questions the role of institutions and actors' discourses in shaping these policies. Drawing on the literature on Discursive Institutionalism, this thesis argues that asylum policy in Turkey is shaped by the distinct discourses associated with different domestic institutions. Recent developments in this field reflect both the rights-based and economic burden-based discourses of decision-makers. This study provides a novel contribution to the Turkish asylum policy literature by scrutinising domestic institutions and by providing original data analysis from the field.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available