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Title: American, British, and French responses to the rise of Arab terrorism, 1968-74
Author: Jennings, E. P.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2010
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This study aims to account for the responses of the United States, Britain and France to the rise of Palestinian/Arab terrorism in the years between 1968 and 1974. The work charts the legacy of Western approaches to terrorism before 1968, and examines the initial responses of governments in these countries to the emergence of Palestinian international terrorism in the late 1960s. The first aircraft hijackings and hostage-takings that ominously signalled the future intent of groups like al-Fatah, the PFLP, and Black September met initially with a confused and incoherent response from the West, and this study shows that disagreements between the allies on this subject took place from the very beginning. Thereafter, a selection of case studies contrasts and compares the range of responses by Washington, London, and Paris to some of the most infamous terrorist outrages of the era. Thus, this study seeks to examine and explain the differing approaches to the three great Western powers to the challenge posed by Palestinian terrorism. The divergent nature of these responses is shown to have been an important factor in transatlantic politics at this time, and as such, the study assesses the impact these disagreements had upon the relationship between these three great powers. Finally, the work seeks to address the extent to which the increasing divergence of views on the best solution to the problems of the Middle East can be directly attributed to the malign influence of Palestinian international terrorism. In so doing, this study will shine new light on long-standing Western disagreements regarding the Arab-Israeli conflict, and help us to better understand the influence of Palestinian terrorism in shaping the history of the Middle East in the latter half of the twentieth century.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available