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Title: Environmental reconstruction, the use of space and the effect of sedentism on microfaunal communities : case studies from Pinarbaşi, and Çatalhöyük
Author: Jenkins, E. L.
Awarding Body: University of Cambridge
Current Institution: University of Cambridge
Date of Award: 2004
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In this thesis, the macrofaunal assemblages from four modern Turkish owl pellet assemblages and two Anatolian, Neolithic sites have been analysed. One of the Neolithic sites is a seasonally occupied rock shelter known as Pinarbaşi, (8331 to 4741 CalBC) while the second is the sedentary site of Çatalhöyük (7300 to 6250 CalBC). The first aim is to use the macrofaunal assemblages to reconstruct the natural environment of the locality during the period of occupation of the sites. The second aim is to determine whether microfauna could be used to gain an understanding of the use of space within the site. The third aim is to determine the effect that human sedentism has on the microecology of the area of habitation by comparing the species composition of the two assemblages. The reconstruction of the natural environment demonstrated that the environment was becoming drier during the period of occupation, as was apparent from the decrease in the number of amphibians found at both sites. The large concentrations of microfauna at Çatalhöyük all showed similar patterns of modification but this pattern did not match those of any known predator. The most likely predator was a small carnivore. It is possible that the modifications differ from those in the small mammal scat samples analysed by other researchers due to the abundance of mice in the Çatalhöyük assemblages rather than larger species of microfauna which are usually common in small carnivore scats. Using the assembles from Çatalhöyük it was demonstrated that microfauna is useful in determining periods of abandonment in sedentary sites. Humans have a profound effect on the microecology of the area they inhabit when they adopt a sedentary lifestyle. This is apparent in the dominance of the house mouse in the assemblages from Çatalhöyük, while the assemblages from Pinarbaşi have a more balanced array of microfauna.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available