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Title: Aerosol and surface properties remote sensing using AATSR
Author: Huang, Haiyan
ISNI:       0000 0004 5356 8513
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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This thesis describes a new algorithm based on the optimal estimation approach for the retrieval of atmospheric aerosol and surface properties from the Advanced Along- Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR). This algorithm is a further development on the Oxford-RAL Retrieval of Aerosol and Cloud (ORAC). The new algorithm is set up to use both visible and infrared channels of AATSR to retrieve aerosol optical depth (AOD), effective radius, white sky albedo at four wavelengths (550, 670, 870, and 1600 nm), surface temperature and aerosol layer height. This thesis can be divided into three main parts : 1) the development of the new ORAC algorithm, 2) comparisons of the retrieved AOD with the aerosol products from visible-channel ORAC retrieval: GlobAEROSOL, and with the measurements from AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET), and 3) validations of the retrieved sea surface temperature (SST) with the measurements from ship-based radiometers (Infrared Sea surface temperature Autonomous Radiometer, ISAR) and the measurements from drifting buoys. In this thesis aerosols are assigned to four classes, marine clean at two different relative humidities, spherical dust and non-spherical dust. The estimated retrieval error is 0.012 in AOD and 0.083 K in SST. Comparing with the GlobAEROSOL products, the new algorithm (denoted by ORAC) retrieves lower AOD (0.071 ± 0.012) (median ± RMS) and higher sea surface albedo globally (0.067 ± 0.006). The lower AOD, which also occurs in regional scales, is a promising result as previous studies showed GlobAEROSOL overestimated AOD especially over open ocean. The comparison with ground-based measurements (AERONET) shows a good agreement between ORAC AOD and AERONET AOD over ocean, the correlation is 0.820 at 550 nm and 0.807 at 870 nm, and the differences in AOD between the two datasets are 0.067 ± 0.214 for 550 nm and 0.064 ± 0.167 for 870 nm. In contrast weaker corrections, 0.312 at 550 nm and 0.275 at 870 nm, are found over land, and the median difference between the two datasets are nearly 0.2 for both 550 μm and 870 μm. For three collocation criteria, the ORAC retrieved SST shows very high correlations with ISAR measurements (better than 0.980). Comparing with ISAR, ORAC SST has positive biases (0.150 to 0.117 K) and relative significant root mean squares (RMS) (0.481 to 0.430 K). Comparing with the drifting buoy measurements, the bias in retrieved SST is −0.067 ± 0.366 K for all the matches and −0.003 ± 0.298 K for the matches under high wind speed conditions (≥ 6 ms−1). The error analysis indicates the uncertainties in temperature profile, water vapour profile, surface emissivity and forward model may affect the accuracy of retrieved SST. These validation results suggest that the new ORAC algorithm is a successful approach to aerosol and surface retrieval over ocean, which is able to add to the current knowledge by improving current estimates of aerosol and surface properties. Most validation results presented in this thesis are under conditions of low AOD, it can been seen that the retrieved SST is not severely biased. Further validation is required to estimate the performance of ORAC at different levels of aerosol loading.
Supervisor: Grainger, Don Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Atmospheric,Oceanic,and Planetary physics ; aserosol ; surface temperature ; retrieval